Here is a list of popular open source web scraping frameworks:
This framework is quite capable of replicating behavior that humans perform on web pages. It has been built on top of a popular web parsing library called BeautifulSoup which is very efficient for simple sites.
- Neat library with very less overhead of code
- Blazing fast when it comes to parsing simpler pages
- Ability to simulate human behavior
- Support CSS & XPath selectors
MechanicalSoup is the right choice when you try to implement real user actions like waiting for a particular event or click exact items to open a popup instead of simply collecting data from web pages.
Portia, an open source visual scraping tool which uses annotations to extract data from web pages. No prior programming knowledge is required to use it. Annotating pages you’re interested in will enable Portia to create a spider to extract data from similar pages.
This visual scraping engine needs no knowledge of programming. If you are not a developer, it’s best for your web scraping needs to go directly with Portia. Without installing anything, you can try Portia for free, all you have to do is register for an account and use the hosted version.
Key pointers for Portia:
- The time required for set up can be relatively high
- You can select the XPath or CSS
- Different user actions like clicking, waiting and scrolling can be configured
Having personally used BeautifulSoup, I can vouch for the fact that this python library is a hit among developers scraping data from web pages. Using the requests library, one can request a web-page (while sending Chrome or Firefox headers to avoid detection), download the HTML page locally and then parse and crawl it using BeautifulSoup. The library basically converts an HTML page into a tree-like format and you can easily specify a particular node structure to extract all the data from similar nodes. It is a free and “open to all” library that is used in many experimental projects.
Key benefits of BeautifulSoup:
- Ability to parse data from misconfigured XML and HTML
- The leading parser in this particular use case
- Straightforward integration with third-party solutions
- Quite lightweight in terms of resource consumption
- Out-of-the-box solution for filtering and searching functions
Although hailed by most as a tool that automates browser functionalities, Selenium is also popular in the field of web scraping. Selenium helps in the automation of Python scripts that interact with a web browser. Using web driver for Chrome along with Selenium, it is easy to set up automated scraping algorithms as long as you have some basic knowledge of python and the intent to dive deep into the code.
Things to consider with Selenium:
- A strong and massive user base
- Easy to follow and comprehensive knowledge base suitable for novice users
- Difficult to update the project based on website page structure changes
- Resource intensive (processing power) framework
Here are the key benefits of Jauntium:
- create web-bots or web-scraping programs
- search/manipulate the DOM
- work with tables and forms
- write automated tests
- enhance your existing Selenium project
Puppeteer is a node library that offers you with a strong but easy API to control the headless Chrome browser of Google. A headless browser implies that you have a browser capable of sending and receiving applications, but without a GUI. It operates in the background, as instructed by an API, performing activities. You can replicate the experience of the user, to the point of typing and clicking.
Puppeteer’s API works similar to Selenium WebDriver, but compatible only with Google Chrome unlike WebDriver. Puppeteer should be your preferred framework if you are working with Chrome as it has strong support for Chrome.
PyQuery is a jquery-like library for python, that allows you to make queries on XML documents, using LXML for fast XML and HTML manipulation. It works in a manner similar to BeautifulSoup, where you download the HTML page into your local system and then extract certain parts of it using python code.
Web-harvest an open source web data extraction tool written in Java. It uses techniques of text and XML manipulations like XSLT, XQuery, and Regular Expressions. Its main use is in HTML/XML based web sites that still make up most of the web content. At the same time, you could use other Java libraries in conjunction with it, to boost its capabilities.
Go_spider is an open source web scraping framework written in a more recent programming language- Golang (also called GO, and developed by Google).
Its benefits include:
- Supports concurrency
- Better fit for verticals
- Flexible and modular
- Written in Native GO
- Can be customised based on a company’s requirements.